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Developing a pedagogical framework for blended distance learning at the National University of Lesotho

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dc.contributor.supervisor Boulton, Helen, Gren, Rachel Ireson, Blazewicz-Bell Mokenela, Paballo Josephine 2022-03-21T08:37:21Z 2022-03-21T08:37:21Z 2019-12
dc.description.abstract Amid the global enthusiasm for adoption and implementation of blended learning, innovations in higher learning institutions in sub-Saharan Africa and other developing countries are reported as less successful and unsustainable. The identified challenges include, among others, the limited Information and Communication Technology (ICT) infrastructure, inadequate policies, adoption of blended learning models not suited to educational contexts, and innovations that are not aligned to the institutional goals. This action research (AR) adapted Graham, Woodfield and Harrison’s (2013) framework for institutional adoption and implementation of blended learning to design and develop a contextually-relevant adoption strategy for Open and Distance Learning programmes of the National University of Lesotho (NUL). Using the qualitative and quantitative research instruments in this parallel convergent mixed methods research design, participants were selected from the key ICT and education stakeholders in Lesotho to explore the existing national and institutional ICT strategy, structure, support and technology experiences of the tutors and learners. The samples respondents were selected at the national level (5), at the secondary schools (3), the members of the NUL Management Team (3), the NUL senior administrators (3), the NUL IT specialists (2), 30 tutors and 209 learners across the three AR research cycles of this study. Given the identified challenges of inadequate ICT strategy, structure, support as well as technology experiences of the tutors and learners, this study concluded that a contextually-relevant blended distance learning model for NUL should comprise face-to-face, print-based and online instruction. The key contributions to the new knowledge derived from this research include an adapted blended learning adoption framework (Graham, Woodfield, and Harrison, 2013) which adds the tutors and learners to the markers of progress in the transition from the traditional pedagogy to a technology-based pedagogy and a methodological approach which incorporates Piggot-Irvine’s (2002) spin-off cycles into Elliott’s (1991) action research model for a deeper understanding of the researched educational context. The study recommends the ICT and education policy development or review at the national and the institutional levels in Lesotho and other developing countries as well as a further exploration of the frameworks proposed in this study. en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship Commonwealth en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Nottingham Trent University en_ZA
dc.rights Mokenela, Paballo Josephine en_ZA
dc.source Online en_ZA
dc.subject Blended distance learning, blended learning, collaboration, critical success factors, digital literacy, e-learning, enablers, engagement, online learning, open and distance learning, pedagogy, seat time component, tutors, web 2.0 technologies en_ZA
dc.title Developing a pedagogical framework for blended distance learning at the National University of Lesotho en_ZA
dc.type Thesis en_ZA PhD Education en_ZA

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